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Cote d’Ivoire

Energy Sector

Electricity generation

The growing economy of Côte d’Ivoire puts the current power supply under pressure. The government thus set goals to increase its power production capacity by 2020 to about 4,000 MW and 6,000 MW by 2030 to meet the rising demand. In addition, the country aims to play a central role as a net exporter in the West African Power Pool.

 

Côte d’Ivoire relies to a large extent on Independent Power Producers (IPPs) to generate and supply electricity to meet the growing energy demand. There are currently 3 IPPs in Côte d’Ivoire; they are Azito Energie, Ciprel and Aggreko. The country has a total installed capacity of 1,886 MW (2016) and produced a total of 8,618 GWh in 2015. As of 2017, 81% of the electricity is produced by thermal power stations while 19% is generated by hydropower plants. This balance may change with a new government owned 275 MW hydro plant expected to be commissioned in 2017. A 3 MW biomass plant was also reported to be online in 2015. Côte d’Ivoire has 55 isolated power plants that produced 10 GWh combined in 2015. In 2015, the country netted 849 GWh of exports to five clients: Énergie du Mali (EDM), Volta River Authority (VRA) in Ghana, Communauté Électrique du Bénin (CEB) for Bénin-Togo, the Société Nationale d’Électricité (SONABEL) in Burkina Faso, and the Liberia Electricity Corporation (LEC).

 

In its Strategic Plan for the Development of the Electricity Sector by 2030, the government identified 66 projects that will require significant investment from the private sector, including through public private partnerships with Independent Power Producers, to expand power capacity production and to modernize the transport and distribution of electricity throughout the country. Efforts are underway to increase hydroelectric and thermal electricity generation with construction of new hydroelectric dams and thermal power plants as well as expansion projects at existing thermal power plants. The government is also increasing its focus on rural electrification and encouraging the production of new and renewable energy sources.

 

Electricity Tariffs

Current electricity tariffs in Côte d’Ivoire are not linked to inflation or the real costs of energy. However, in June 2016 the government adopted a schedule for tariff adjustments over the next few years: a 10 per cent capped tariff increase in 2016 and a subsequent five per cent increase in 2017 and 2018, followed by a three per cent increase in 2019 and 2020. Due to complaints about the price-hike that amounted to almost 40% in some cases, President Ouattara was forced to cancel the January 2016 increase.

 

The tariff for most domestic customers ranges from approximately EUR 0.055/kWh to 0.096/kWh depending on customer class and usage, with a bi-monthly fixed charge of EUR 0.85-1.80. This is before VAT and levies (e.g. for rural electrification) on the tariff. The small commercial base tariff ranges from EUR 0.102/kWh to 0120/kWh, with a bi-monthly fixed charge of EUR 2.15.

 

Medium voltage customer tariffs vary by customer class, demand, and time-of-use. Unit rates range from EUR 0.039/kWh to 0.165/kWh and annual demand charges from EUR 27/kW to EUR 121/kW. High voltage customer tariffs likewise range widely for the same reasons from EUR 0.054/kWh to EUR 0.175/kWh and annual demand charges from EUR 53/kW to 113/kW. These figures are exclusive of VAT and levies.

 

 

 

 

Tariff

Net tariffs effective in CFA (tariffs are subject to change)
Fixed charge (per 61 days)Energy charge (per kWh)
Residential
Consumption up to 200 kWh

(moderate consumption)

559< 80 kWh (per 61 days):36.05

> 80 kWh (per 61 days): 62.7

General consumption 1.1 kVA1,17663.17
General consumption 2.2 kVA1,176< 180 kWh / kVA: 63.17
> 180 kWh / kVA: 52.76
Reduced tariff (for sector employees)16.20
Commercial 1,411< 180 kWh/kVA: 78.46
> 180 kWh/kVA: 66.73
Public Lighting66.73
Industrial Fixed charge/year and kW subscribedGeneral energy charge (per kWh)Peak hour energy charge (per kWh)Off-peak hour energy charge (per kWh)
Medium voltage (short use, < 1,000/year)17,57259.8291.7342.59
Medium voltage (general, 1,000 – 5,000/year)24,17751.9370.8142.97
Medium voltage (long use, > 5,000/year)35,13149.8463.3143.33
Medium voltage (special tariff for complex textiles)79,03621.5933.3720.81
High voltage (short use, < 1,000/year)43,49553.1497.3329.98
Medium voltage (general, 1,000 – 5,000/year)58,84135.8540.6030.49
Medium voltage (long use, > 5,000/year)74,16932.0935.8530.49
Medium voltage (special tariff for SIR (refinery))34,50957.996.4934.74

Source: Groupe de Travail Energie 2015, Fiche Sectorielle

 

Transmission and distribution network

The Ivorian transmission grid is based on two high voltage levels: 90 kV (2,645 km) and 225 kV (2,088 km). The distribution grid consists of 30 kV and 15 kV (22,336 km) as well as 220 V and 380 V (19,599 km) lines. The Compagnie Ivoirienne d’Électricité (CIE) operates the power grid, as well as a number of large hydropower plants, under a concession with the state. The transmission and distribution systems in Côte d’Ivoire are out-dated and overloaded with total energy losses at 22%. This shows the need for grid rehabilitation and system upgrading to reduce losses.

 

Also, with interconnection transmission lines to Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea under construction, Côte d’Ivoire plans to be a major electricity trading hub in the West African Power Pool (WAPP).

 

Key figures

Available statistics:
Capital
Yamoussoukro
Official language
French
Population (2016 est.)
23,740,424
Population growth (2016 est.), %
1.88
Median age (2016 est.), years
20.7
Urbanization rate (2010 - 2015), % p.a.
3.69
Urban population (2015), % of total
54.2
Rural population (2015), % of total
46
Population density (2015), per km2
71
HDI (2015)
171 of 188
National Currency
West African CFA franc (CFA/XOF)
Exchange rate (March 2017), EUR
655.957
GDP (2015), USD million current
31,759.25
GDP growth (2016), %
8.2
GDP annual growth rate forecast (2020), %
7.67
GNI per capita (2015), PPP current int’l USD
3,260
Inflation (Feb. 2017), % y-o-y
1.5
Inflation Rate Forecast (2020), %
1.5
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (2015), BOP current USD millions
430
Net official development assistance (2014), current USD millions
922.5
Budget deficit (2016), % of GDP
3.8
Ease of Doing Business (2017), rank of 190
142
TI Corruption Index (2016), rank of 176
108
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