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Cote d’Ivoire

Energy Sector

Electricity in Côte d’Ivoire comes from a mix of thermal (mostly natural gas) and hydropower generation sources. A rapidly expanding economy is placing increasing demand on supply although in 2015 the country was still able to export about 10% of its power production to neighbouring countries. Both the electrification rate and customer electricity tariffs are on the rise.

 

Key Electricity Sector Indicators

 

Installed Generation Capacity (2016), MW 1,886
Installed Fossil Fuel Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity 68
Hydro Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity 32
Other RE Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity 0
Renewable electricity output as % of total electricity output excl. hydro (2016) 0
Avg. distribution and transmission losses as % of output (2017) 22
Net electricity exports (2015), GWh 849
Electrification rate, total (2014) % 62
Electrification rate, urban (2014) % 88
Electrification rate, rural (2014) % 31
Peak demand (2015), MW 1,193
Per capita electricity consumption (2013), kWh 252

 

Electricity Demand & Electrification Rates

Peak demand was recorded at 1,193 MW in 2015, an increase of 29% over the 2011 peak of 925, or an annual average increase of 7.5%. In the same year, there were more than 1.4 million customers connected at low voltage and 4,462 at medium voltage. The electrification rate in 2014 was reported as 62%, with 88% in urban and 31% in rural areas. Figures from the Société des Energies de Côte d’Ivoire (CI-ENERGIES) for 2015 show that 80% of the population had access to electricity, giving an indication of the potential for connectivity/densification efforts.

 

Electricity Consumption in 2014

 

Economic Sector GWh
Industry 1,738
Transport 0
Residential 2,003
Commercial and Public Services 1,923
Agriculture / Forestry 144
Fishing 0
Other non-specified 0
Final Electricity Consumption 5,808

 

Electricity Generation

The growing economy of Côte d’Ivoire puts the current power supply under pressure. The government thus set goals to increase its power production capacity by 2020 to about 4,000 MW and 6,000 MW by 2030 to meet the rising demand. In addition, the country aims to play a central role as a net exporter in the West African Power Pool.

Côte d’Ivoire relies to a large extent on Independent Power Producers (IPPs) to generate and supply electricity to meet the growing energy demand. There are currently 3 IPPs in Côte d’Ivoire; they are Azito Energie, Ciprel and Aggreko. The country has a total installed capacity of 1,886 MW (2016) and produced a total of 8,618 GWh in 2015. As of 2017, 81% of the electricity is produced by thermal power stations while 19% is generated by hydropower plants. This balance may change with a new government owned 275 MW hydro plant expected to be commissioned in 2017. A 3 MW biomass plant was also reported to be online in 2015. Côte d’Ivoire has 55 isolated power plants that produced 10 GWh combined in 2015. In 2015, the country netted 849 GWh of exports to five clients: Énergie du Mali (EDM), Volta River Authority (VRA) in Ghana, Communauté Électrique du Bénin (CEB) for Bénin-Togo, the Société Nationale d’Électricité (SONABEL) in Burkina Faso, and the Liberia Electricity Corporation (LEC).

In its Strategic Plan for the Development of the Electricity Sector by 2030, the government identified 66 projects that will require significant investment from the private sector, including through public private partnerships with Independent Power Producers, to expand power capacity production and to modernize the transport and distribution of electricity throughout the country. Efforts are underway to increase hydroelectric and thermal electricity generation with construction of new hydroelectric dams and thermal power plants as well as expansion projects at existing thermal power plants. The government is also increasing its focus on rural electrification and encouraging the production of new and renewable energy sources.

 

Installed generation capacity (MW)

 

 Power Station Type Installed Capacity (MW)
Ayame 1 Hydro 20
Ayame 2 Hydro 30
Kossou Hydro 174
Taabo Hydro 210
Buyo Hydro 165
Faye Hydro 5
Vridi 1 Thermal 100
CIPREL Thermal 543
Azito Energie Thermal 439
Aggreko Thermal 200
Total   1,886

 

Transmission and Distribution

The Ivorian transmission grid is based on two high voltage levels: 90 kV (2,645 km) and 225 kV (2,088 km). The distribution grid consists of 30 kV and 15 kV (22,336 km) as well as 220 V and 380 V (19,599 km) lines. The Compagnie Ivoirienne d’Électricité (CIE) operates the power grid, as well as a number of large hydropower plants, under a concession with the state. The transmission and distribution systems in Côte d’Ivoire are out-dated and overloaded with total energy losses at 22%. This shows the need for grid rehabilitation and system upgrading to reduce losses.

Also, with interconnection transmission lines to Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea under construction, Côte d’Ivoire plans to be a major electricity trading hub in the West African Power Pool (WAPP).

 

Transmission and distribution network in Côte d’Ivoire

Source: Anare

 

Electricity Tariffs

Current electricity tariffs in Côte d’Ivoire are not linked to inflation or the real costs of energy. However, in June 2016 the government adopted a schedule for tariff adjustments over the next few years: a 10 per cent capped tariff increase in 2016 and a subsequent five per cent increase in 2017 and 2018, followed by a three per cent increase in 2019 and 2020. Due to complaints about the price-hike that amounted to almost 40% in some cases, President Ouattara was forced to cancel the January 2016 increase.

The tariff for most domestic customers ranges from approximately EUR 0.055/kWh to 0.096/kWh depending on customer class and usage, with a bi-monthly fixed charge of EUR 0.85-1.80. This is before VAT and levies (e.g. for rural electrification) on the tariff. The small commercial base tariff ranges from EUR 0.102/kWh to 0120/kWh, with a bi-monthly fixed charge of EUR 2.15.

Medium voltage customer tariffs vary by customer class, demand and time-of-use. Unit rates range from EUR 0.039/kWh to 0.165/kWh and annual demand charges from EUR 27/kW to EUR 121/kW. High voltage customer tariffs likewise range widely for the same reasons from EUR 0.054/kWh to EUR 0.175/kWh and annual demand charges from EUR 53/kW to 113/kW. These figures are exclusive of VAT and levies.

 

Electricity tariff schedule – domestic and small commercial

 

Low-Voltage Tariffs
Moderate domestic tariff (<200kWh)
  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Fixed premium bimonthly (61days) 559 0 559
Price from 0 kWh to 80 kWh / bimonthly 36.05 0 36.05
Price above 80 kWh / bimonthly 62.7 11.29 73.99
 

General domestic tariff

 

1.1 kVA rated Power (5A)

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Fixed premium bimonthly (61days) 1,176.00 211.68 1,387.68
Price per kWh 63.17 11.47 74.54
 

2.2 kVA rated Power (10A) and more

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Fixed premium bimonthly (61days) 1,176.00 211.68 1,387.68
Price from 0 kWh to 180 kWh / kVA 63.17 11.47 74.54
Price above 180 kWh / kVA 52.76 9.50 62.26
 

Professional (small commercial) tariff

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Fixed premium bimonthly (61days) 1,411.00 253.98 1,664.98
Price from 0 kWh to 180 kWh / kVA 78.46 14.12 92.59
Price above 180 kWh / kVA 66.73 12.01 78.75
 

Conventional domestic (preferential customer) tariff

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Price per kWh 16.2 2.92 19.12
 

Public lighting

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Price per kWh 66.73 12.01 78.75
 

Additional fees

  Rural electrification bimonthly Rural electrification fee (per kWh) RTI fee Municipal Tax for Abidjan (per kWh) Municipal Tax for Other cities (per kWh)
Moderate domestic tariff 100.00 1.00 2.00 (per kWh) 2.50 1.00
General domestic

(1.1kVA -5A power)

100.00 1.00 2.00 (per kW) 2.50 1.00
General domestic

(2.2kVA-10A and more)

100.00 1.00 2,000.00 (bimonthly) 2.50 1.00
Professional 100.00 1.00 2,000.00 (bimonthly) 2.50 1.00
Conventional domestic 100.00 1.00 2,000.00 (bimonthly) 2.5 1.00
Public lighting n/a 1.00 n/a n/a n/a

Source: Anare

 

 

Electricity tariff schedule – medium and high voltage

 

Medium Voltage Tariffs
  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Short usage rate

(0-999 hours)

17,572.74 3,163.09 20,735.84
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – General tariff

(1000-5000 hours)

24,177.98 4,352.04 28,530.01
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Long usage rate

(5001+ hours)

35,131.38 6,323.65 41,455.03
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Textile complexes 79,036.16 14,226.51 93,262.66
 

Price per kWh

  Short usage rate General tariff Long usage rate Textile complexes
Full hours (in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT)

07:30 – 19_30, 23:00 – 24:00

69.95 61.28 58.81 25.48
Peak hours (in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT)

19:30 – 23:00

108.24 83.55 74.70 39.38
Off-peak hours (in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT)

24:00 – 07:30

50.26 50.70 51.13 24.56
Annual electrification fee per kW subscribed 1,700.00 1,700.00 1,700.00 1,700.00
RTI fee per month 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00
 

High Voltage Tariffs

  F CFA (ex. VAT) VAT (18%) F CFA (total)
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Short usage rate 43,495.06 7,829.11 51,324.17
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – General tariff 58,841.39 10,591.45 69,432.84
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Long usage rate 74,169.81 13,350.57 87,520.38
Annual fixed premium per kW subscribed – Ivorian Refinery Corp. 34,509.66 6,211.74 40,721.40
 

Price per kWh

  Short usage rate General Tariff Long usage rate CRS
Full hours (in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT) 62.71 38.46 37.86 62.11
Peak hours (in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT) 114.85 47.91 42.30 113.86
Off-peak hours ( in FCFA inclusive of 18% VAT) 35.37 35.98 35.98 40.99
Annual electrification fee per kW subscribed 1,700.00 1,700.00 1,700.00 1,700.00
RTI fee per month 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00

Source: Anare

 

Off-Grid Electrification

As of 31 December 2015, ANARE reported 55 isolated power plants in operation with a total installed capacity of about 5.6 MW, producing 10 GWh of electricity. The isolated generators range in size from 40 kVA to 640 kV and are distributed fairly evenly across the Country. A further seven village-level solar PV-diesel hybrid mini-grids with a total capacity of 465 kW serve residents in the north-eastern region of Zanzan.

With a number of rural towns and villages with little or no access to the transmission grid, off-grid electrification is one of Côte d’Ivoire’s priorities. Recently, an East African solar home system/financing company signed an agreement with a European utility to supply 2 million people in Côte d’Ivoire with solar energy by 2020. Such private sector efforts will complement government-led initiatives to provide stand-alone solar PV systems in parts of the Country.

 

Map of isolated generators in Côte d’Ivoire

Source: Anare

Key figures

Available statistics:
Capital
Yamoussoukro
Official language
French
Population (2016 est.)
23,740,424
Population growth (2016 est.), %
1.88
Median age (2016 est.), years
20.7
Urbanization rate (2010 - 2015), % p.a.
3.69
Urban population (2015), % of total
54.2
Rural population (2015), % of total
46
Population density (2015), per km2
71
HDI (2015)
171 of 188
National Currency
West African CFA franc (CFA/XOF)
Exchange rate (March 2017), EUR
655.957
GDP (2015), USD million current
31,759.25
GDP growth (2016), %
8.2
GDP annual growth rate forecast (2020), %
7.67
GNI per capita (2015), PPP current int’l USD
3,260
Inflation (Feb. 2017), % y-o-y
1.5
Inflation Rate Forecast (2020), %
1.5
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (2015), BOP current USD millions
430
Net official development assistance (2014), current USD millions
922.5
Budget deficit (2016), % of GDP
3.8
Ease of Doing Business (2017), rank of 190
142
TI Corruption Index (2016), rank of 176
108
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