Renewable Energy Potential

Renewable energy potential

Government statistics and data on resources and market potential are still limited, but it can be assumed that Cote d’Ivoire has strong potential for hydroelectric, solar energy and biomass installations. According to existing data, the country’s suitability for wind and geothermal power generation is comparatively low.

 

Hydro

Four large identified hydroelectric sites remain undeveloped. These have capacities ranging from 5 MW to 288 MW. Several other locations are feasible for the installation of small plants with capacities of between 0.5 MW and 5 MW. A study by Électricité de France in 1980 put the theoretical potential of hydropower at 46 TWh/year, with an economically exploitable potential of approximately 12.4 TWh, or 27% of the theoretical potential.

 

Solar

Cote d’Ivoire receives abundant solar energy. The solar potential in the country ranges from 2.0-4.5 kWh/m2/day, with an average of six hours of sunshine a day, indicating moderate potential for this form of energy. The annual potential for photovoltaic installations is 10,325 TWh.

So far, a small number of PV systems have been installed in healthcare facilities and households around the country under private initiatives and by NGOs. Most schools and health centres in urban areas use solar electric water heaters.

Under the strategic action plan for the electricity sector by 2030, the Ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Energy plans to retrofit existing rural diesel grids with PV. Household applications and isolated PV grids are also set to play a major role in rural electrification. The action plan foresees the completion of at least 12 pilot projects in rural areas.

Source: GeoModel Solar s.r.o Source: GeoModel Solar s.r.o

 

Biogas & Bioethanol

Trials of anaerobic biogas generation have been completed under several pilot projects, but the technology is yet to be implemented. Nonetheless, several private investors have applied for licenses to generate electricity from household waste. The strategic action plan calls for studies of the potential of several types of feedstock, including waste from cocoa, coffee and cashew production.

The country has also assessed the suitability of bioethanol production using feedstock such as sugarcane, maize and sweet sorghum. An estimated 120 ktoe/year is available solely from bagasse in the north of the country.

 

Wind

There are no specific wind data available besides those for civil aviation compiled by the Société d’Exploitation et de Développement Aéroportuaire, Aéronautique et Météorologique (SODEXAM). These measurements, taken at 12m above the ground, range on average from 1-2m/s. San Pedro on the southwest coast and Korhogo in the north have recorded wind frequencies of 20-35% for wind speeds above 6m/s. Wind speeds in Bouake in central Cote d’Ivoire and Touba in the west are greater than 4m/s, with frequencies of 20-45%. Two wind power projects, in Touba and Korhogo, are under consideration.

 

2012 National Seminar on Energy / action plan / long-term RE expansion goals up to 2030

These targets are not part of any formal policy document, but were mentioned in the Ministry’s report on the 2012 National Seminar on Energy. As a result, the figures are subject to change.

 

Icons_Icon-Solar

Solar

+315 MW

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Biomass / Biogas

+260 MW

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Small hydro generation

+380 MW

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Wind Energy

+25 MW

 

Key market segments

The following market segments can be regarded as promising for the application of renewable energy for electricity generation. This potential includes, but is not limited to the following:

 

PV
Rural electrification/mini-grids and stand-alone systems
Grid-connected/back-up or captive power systems for small businesses and industry

Hydro
Large power plants
Rural electrification/small, mini- and micro-hydro plants (community-based)

Biogas/biomass
Grid-connected/captive power plants for industry and institutions (flowers, vegetable, fruit, tea, schools)
Rural electrification/biogas plants for communities
Grid-connected/waste-to-energy conversion
Dome biogas for cooking
Production of bioethanol