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Lesotho

Energy Sector

Electricity Tariffs

Approved Energy Charges M/kWh by customer category (in local currency)

 

Industrial HV Industrial LV Commercial HV Commercial LV General Purpose Domestic Street Lighting
0.2419 0.2612 0.2419 0.2612 1.5461 1.3767 0.8149

 

Electricity Generation

Lesotho’s energy supply is mainly concentrated in the Muela hydroplant with an installed capacity of 72MW. There are also four mini‐hydro plants with a combined installed capacity of 3.25MW. Energy demand, 145MW is satisfied from both domestic generation and through imports from Electricidade de Mocambique (EDM) in Mozambique, accounting for 60% of imports, and ESKOM in South Africa within the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP).

The industrial sector consumed 35% of the electricity demand in 2010 and this was followed by the domestic sector, which consumed 31% of the total electricity. The commercial sector (17%) and general purpose energy consumption (16%) are both about half of the industrial and household sector consumption respectively. The household electricity access in Lesotho has already been indicated to be averaging 26% nationally divided into 65% for urban households and 6% for rural households.

Transmission and Distribution Network

Lesotho Electricity Company and the Lesotho Electrification Unit, which also manages the National Rural Electrification Fund (NREF), are responsible for the development of the transmission network in the country. The Government of Lesotho has established the revamping of the electricity distribution network as one of the main priorities to fulfill its strategic development objectives. It is needed to increase the safety and reliability and to expand connections to households and potential growth areas. The poor maintenance and aging of infrastructure has caused frequent power cuts. The Lesotho Electricity Corporation states that it aims to add 120MW of supply capacity to the grid by 2017. The main project in the pipeline is the Kobong Transmission Line (400kV) which is due in 2017. Furthermore, the Ministry aims to ensure guaranteed access of all licensed renewable energy electricity generators (IPPs) of at least 500 kW to the transmission grid at a prescribed fee.

Key figures

Available statistics:
Official name
Kingdom of Lesotho
Capital
Maseru
Population (million, 2015, est.)
2,135
Population growth, in % (2015)
0.3%
Rural population, % of total (2015)
73%
Median age of population, in years (2016, est.)
24 years
National currency
Loti (LSL)
Location
Southern Africa
Official languages
Official: Sesotho and English. Others: Zulu, Xhosa
Compound Annual (GDP) Growth Rate (2015)
1.6%
GDP per Capita, current USD (2015)
1,440.162
Inflation rate in % (consumer prices, 2015)
3.2%
Ease-of-doing business Index (2017)
100
Ease of starting a business index (2017)
117
Installed generating capacity (MW, 2016)
75
Installed fossil fuel capacity (MW, 2015)
0
Hydro capacity (MW, 2015)
74.8
Other RE capacity (MW, 2015)
0.2 (solar)
IPP generation (MW)
0
Shares of RE generating capacity (%, 2015)
0,26% (excluding hydro)
Total domestic production (GWh, 2010)
507.3
Production from RE sources (GWh, 2010)
507.3
RE electricity output in % of total electricity production (incl. hydroelectric, 2015)
100%
Average distribution and transmission losses in % of output
n/a
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