Key figures

Available statistics:
Capital
Dodoma
Official languages
Kiswahili, English
Population (2016 projection)
50,142,938
Population growth (2016 est.), %
2.77
Median age (2016 est.), years
17.6
Urbanization rate (2010 - 2015), % p.a.
5.36
Urban population (2015), % of total
32
Rural population (2015), % of total
68
Population density (2015), per km2
60
HDI (2014)
151 of 188
National Currency
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Exchange rate (March 2017), USD
1 USD = 2,237 TZS
GDP (2015), USD billion current
45.63
GDP growth (2015), %
7.0
GDP annual growth rate forecast (2020), %
6.64
GNI per capita (2015), current int’l USD
2,630
Inflation (2016), %
5.0
Inflation Rate Forecast (2020), %
6.0
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (2015), BOP current USD billion
1.961
Net official development assistance (2014), current USD billon
2.648
Budget deficit (2016 est,), % of GDP
-3.90
Ease of Doing Business (2017), rank of 190
135
TI Corruption Index (2016), rank of 168
117
Installed Generation Capacity (MW, 2016)
1,357.69
Installed Fossil Fuel Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity
57.5
Hydro Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity
41.7
Other RE Capacity (2016), % of total installed capacity
0.77
Renewable electricity output as % of total electricity output excl. hydro (2016)
0.6
Avg. distribution and transmission losses as % of output (2016)
16.4
Net electricity imports (2016), GWh
85.77
Electrification rate, total (2014) %
30
Electrification rate, urban (2014) %
57
Electrification rate, rural (2014) %
18
Peak demand (2016), MW
1026
Per capita electricity consumption (2016), kWh
137