Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD)
The MEMD’s mandate is “to establish, promote, strategically manage and safeguard the rational and sustainable exploitation and utilisation of energy and mineral resources for social and economic development.” Its role is to provide policy guidance, to create an enabling environment in order to attract investment, to acquire, process and interpret technical data in order to establish the energy and mineral resource potential of the country and to inspect, regulate, monitor and evaluate the activities of private companies in the sector. Irene Muloni is the current minister.
Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA)
The ERA is a statutory body established in 2000 in accordance with the Electricity Act 1999, with the purpose of regulating the generation, transmission, distribution, sale, export and import of electricity in Uganda. It also guides the liberalisation of the electricity industry, and manages licensing, rates, safety and other matters concerning the industry. It is responsible for ensuring that electricity companies comply with the conditions of their licences, and for protecting the interests of consumers in respect of prices, charges and other terms of supply as well as the quality, efficiency, continuity and reliability of supply services.
Rural Electrification Agency (REA)
The REA was established as a semi-autonomous agency by the MEMD in 2001, with an operational mission to implement the rural electrification agenda under a public-private partnership. It functions as the secretariat of the Rural Electrification Board, which carries out the Minister’s rural electrification responsibilities, as defined in the Electricity Act of 1999. The REA is mandated to facilitate the goal of achieving a rural electrification rate of at least 22% by the year 2022, from 1% in 2010.
Uganda Electricity Generation Company Limited (UEGCL)
UEGCL was incorporated in 2001 and is wholly owned by the government of Uganda. Its key responsibilities are the generation of electric power, and its sale within Uganda or as exports to neighbouring countries; building, operating and maintaining electricity generation plants; monitoring the operation of and maintaining its assets; and providing technical support as and when required. UEGCL also organises, supports, encourages and maintains training facilities in technical and related fields. It owns the 180 MW Nalubaale hydropower plant and the 200 MW Kiira hydropower plant. These facilities have been operated and maintained by Eskom Uganda Limited since 2003 pursuant to a 20-year concession agreement.